Training Descriptions

Research Publications

NLEOMF/VALOR Quarterly Law Enforcement Fatality Reports

According to preliminary data from the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund, law enforcement officer fatalities have increased 22 percent at the end of the third quarter of 2016, compared to the same period in 2015. Forty-four law enforcement officers were killed as of September 30, 2016, up from 35 fatalities during the same period in 2015. (read more...)
Analysis of U.S. law enforcement line-of-duty deaths when officers responded to dispatched calls for service and conducted enforcement (2010-2014) (read more...)
According to preliminary data compiled by the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund, as of July 20, 2016, sixty-seven federal, state and local law enforcement officers have died in the line of duty this year, increasing eight percent over the 62 officers killed in the same period last year. (read more...)
BJA and The Council of State Governments
Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites support jurisdictions in exploring strategies to improve the outcomes of encounters between law enforcement and people who have mental illnesses. (read more...)
University of Louisville
Brian Patrick Schaefer
Research indicates that search warrants raids increased during the 1990s and continue to be a common enforcement tool for law enforcement. This research examines the social constructions detectives use to justify and carry out the various stages of the search warrant process. (read more...)
Santa Clara Law Review
Illya Lichtenberg
This article studies the felonious killings of police officers while serving arrest warrants and other legal process. The study seeks to test the underlying assumptions of the rationale of Maryland v. Buie, concerning the dangers of warrant execution. (read more...)
Ed Deuel and Rich Wemmer
On Thursday, February 25, 2010, a search warrant was served by peace officers in Minkler, California. A security officer who was not working due to an injury, responded with gunfire. The violent behavior exposed numerous community members and peace officers to serious bodily injury and death. When the incident ended, two peace officers were killed and another was wounded. Fresno County Sheriff directed an independent review to identify the challenges faced, the decisions made, the strategies utilized and the lessons learned. This included law enforcement activities before, during and after the incident. (read more...)
COPS Office/BJA/Major Cities Chiefs Association
Joseph B. Kuhns, Diana Dolliver, Emily Bent, and Edward R. Maguire
Initially prepared as a framework for discussion in the 2014 Officer Safety and Wellness (OSW) Group roundtable dedicated to identifying best practices for reducing firearm assaults and ambushes, this publication examines the policies, training, and other characteristics of police departments that have been shown to prevent injuries and deaths. (read more...)
National Threat Assessment Center
U.S. Secret Service
When conducting a comprehensive assessment of the risk a person may pose, it is essential to gather detailed information from multiple sources to enhance your understanding of the individual’s life circumstances and why the individual engaged in the behavior that brought him or her to the attention of law enforcement. This investigative process is supported through the use of a systems approach, which serves as a vital tool for law enforcement to uncover information that may prevent an act of violence from occurring. (read more...)
CNA, International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), and Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), U.S. Department of Justice
George Fachner and Zoe Thorkildsen
This report addresses a critical need in the law enforcement community: systematically derived, empirical knowledge about acts of extreme violence against the police, specifically ambushes. It does so at a time when police tactics and use of force are under greater scrutiny than at any other time in the history of policing. (read more...)
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services
President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing
Trust between law enforcement agencies and the people they protect and serve is essential in a democracy. It is key to the stability of our communities, the integrity of our criminal justice system, and the safe and effective delivery of policing services. (read more...)
Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
This report addresses a key force-related issue: avoiding the unnecessary use of force against persons with mental illness, post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol or drug addictions, disorders such as autism, or other issues that can cause them to behave erratically. (read more...)
This in-depth study examines 51 incidents of officer homicides and presents information on the victims, offenders, and incidents. The purpose of this study was to explain why an offender attempted and succeeded in the felonious killing of a law enforcement officer. (read more...)
Anthony J. Pinizzotto, Ph.D.; Edward F. Davis, M.A.; and Charles E. Miller
This report explores the “Deadly Mix”—which describes the officer, the offender, and the circumstances that bring them together—and the implications it has for law enforcement. (read more...)
Anthony J. Pinizzotto, Ph.D.; Edward F. Davis, M.A.; and Charles E. Miller III
This publication depicts results of a three-year study of felonious assaults against law enforcement including information from the offenders, the officers, and circumstances surrounding the event. (read more...)
Anthony J. Pinizzotto, Ph.D.; Edward F. Davis, M.A.; and Charles E. Miller
This study examines the discrepancy between how officers and offenders perceive the same situation and what might cause such perceptual discrepancies and distortions. (read more...)
WIN Critical Issue in Training and Leading Warriors
Shannon Bohrer
The factors that create the “Deadly Mix,” the importance of addressing all of them through training, and the need to provide officers with a more complete picture are discussed in this article. (read more...)
Anthony J. Pinizzotto, Ph.D. and Edward F. Davis, M.A.
This article examines use-of-force policies, training, and supervising for safety that resulted from discussions with law enforcement officials. (read more...)
Edward F. Davis, M.A. and Anthony J. Pinizzotto, Ph.D.
When criminals videotape their exploits, providing incontrovertible evidence against them, it must be properly attained by law enforcement for use by the prosecution. This article reviews the proper steps for law enforcement to obtain recordings and examines why criminals document themselves committing a crime. (read more...)

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This project was supported by Grant No. 2016-VI-BX-K003 awarded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. The Bureau of Justice Assistance is a component of the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Office for Victims of Crime, and the Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (SMART). Points of view or opinions in this document are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.